This Site consists of a series of Webpages referring to most of the activities that take place within the framework of collaboration between the European Organization of Nuclear Research, CERN, and the Republic of Cyprus, which recently joined CERN as an Associate Member State on its way to a Full Membership.

These activities contained in the following Webpages, together with their corresponding external links, aspire to grow into a somewhat complete Frame of Reference for the research, education, vocational, industrial, technological, entrepreneurial, outreach and promotional  activities of interest for all parties from the Republic of Cyprus who:

  • (a) either already joined official collaboration with CERN, or
  • (b )would like to join such projects and come aboard CERN, one of the biggest and most famous Research Centers in the World

The aim is to disseminate all the relevant information and raise the awareness on the potential of running common projects with CERN, contributing to the increase in the critical mass of people from Cyprus who could potentially participate in such projects at the scientific, education and industrial level.

Currently, the framework of the Collaboration between Cyprus and CERN is coordinated by the Cyprus-CERN Committee, consisting of the following Members:

Prof. Panos Razis, University of Cyprus (Chairman)
Prof. Costas Papanicolas, Cyprus Institute
Dr. Alexandros Michaelides, RTD TALOS LTD
Prof. Emmanuel Tsesmelis, CERN
Prof. Achille Petrilli, CERN

History of the Accession of Cyprus at CERN

Upon the founding of the University of Cyprus and its first operation in 1992, Prof. Panos Razis established the High Energy Physics Group at the University. Since then, Cyprus became an active member of the L3 Collaboration at the Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP) at CERN, and later on, in 1995, also joined the CMS Collaboration. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the CMS Collaboration was signed in 1999.

A Co-operation Agreement between Cyprus and CERN was signed in 2006 and two protocols to the Co-operation Agreement, one for physics (Technical Protocol 1, Addendum 1) and one for computing (Technical Protocol 2, Addendum 2) were signed in 2007, strengthening the scientific and technical links in the areas of experimental and theoretical physics, high-performance computing and applications, and other projects of mutual interest (CERN schools, visits of high school teachers etc.).

After a formal application of the Republic of Cyprus for Associate Membership, an international CERN appointed Fact-Finding Committee visited Cyprus and filed a Report on the application. At its meeting on the 20th of September 2012, the CERN Council unanimously admitted the Republic of Cyprus to Associate Membership in the pre-stage to Membership of CERN. The corresponding Agreement was signed by the two parties on the 5th of October 2012. Due to the economic crisis developed in Cyprus over the next years, the status came into force only on April 1st 2016, after the examination of a Report prepared through the Ministry of Education and Culture on the benefits and costs from the accession of Cyprus at CERN, a Ministerial Council decision and the following ratification of the agreement by the Parliament of the Republic of Cyprus, notified to CERN.

The full series of strategic actions and decisions taken during the 25 years period from the founding of the High Energy Physics Group at the University of Cyprus until the accession of Cyprus at CERN as Associate Member on a pre-stage for Full Membership can be found in the following historical document.

Contribution of Cyprus to the CMS Experiment

In its work for the CMS Experiment, the High Energy Physics Group from Cyprus joined a consortium with the responsibility for manufacturing the barrel yoke and the vacuum tank of the CMS solenoid magnet. The construction of both systems was completed successfully. In addition, members of the team from Cyprus have contributed to the construction of the CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter (ECAL), the most precise subdetector system of CMS, composed of PbWO4 crystals and dedicated to the measurement of the energy and position of the electrons, photons and positrons coming out of the proton-proton collisions of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). They also developed specialized equipment for performing control and calibration tests of the Very Front-End electronics boards of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter. They were involved in the physics analyses of the CMS Experiment, including certain searches for the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson and the supersymmetric Higgses predicted by models beyond SM, such as MSSM and NMSSM, as well as channels with beauty quarks (B-B(bar) physics) and in the quality of data from the central tracker system.

The group from Cyprus are currently upgrading their high-performance computing cluster for further Monte Carlo simulations and analysis of the Run 2 LHC data (higher center of mass energy 13 TeV and higher Luminosity). The cluster will serve as a valuable component of the Grid computing initiative, as a Tier-2 Center. This work is undertaken at the University of Cyprus.

In addition to the CMS Experiment, the High Energy Physics Group of the University of Cyprus signed a Collaboration Agreement with CERN, on the establishment of an operational framework between CERN and the University, enabling collaboration in education and training in the domain of radiation health physics and technology. It also initiated the preparation for the development of a common platform for Vocational Education and Training on areas of interest for CERN (virtual visits, training, certificates). 

What is CERN?

CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research. At CERN, physicists, engineers, computer scientists and technicians are probing the fundamental structure of the Universe. They use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments (accelerators) to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles – and the basic forces of nature through which they interact. The particles are made to collide together at speeds close to the speed of light and in enormous numbers. The process gives the physicists clues about how the particles interact, and provides insights into the fundamental laws of nature governing the creation and evolution of our Universe.

What is is part of an independent effort to strengthen the link of Cyprus and the Cypriot scientists and industrial vendors and enterprises with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).

Benefits of High Energy Physics

The benefits of High Energy Physics to society are very nicely depicted in a diagram of the Office of Science of the United States Department of Energy, in the Site of which one can also see the most important frontiers of today’s research in modern Particle Physics.